Verbena: A multipurpose ornament plant in the garden
Verbena is a versatile plant in the garden with easy cultivation and maintenance. It blooms from Spring to Autumn with impressive and lots of flowers
Verbena is a perennial flowering plant that in some cases grows as an annual due to its low resistance to winter temperatures. Usually, when it grows as an annual the following spring it sprouts from its seed. It develops striking floral arrangements (complex shade) where the flowers grow on them. Flowering lasts for quite some time almost all spring, summer, and autumn until the first cold.
There are several species of ornamental verbena with the dominant and most commercial Verbena hybrid originating in South America. Verbena belongs to the genus Verbena where about 250 species of plants are classified and to the family Verbenaceae. It is a moderately resistant plant for this and usually grows as an annual, as it is destroyed when it is below -4 ° C. Tapien and Temari mulberry varieties are commercially available varieties for creamy growth. These varieties are very impressive and rich in flowering.
Verbena is a low or even creepy plant with impressive flowering.
The height of the plant reaches about 30 cm similar to its width, while the branched vertebrae reach much greater in diameter.
The leaves of the verbena are serrated with oval shape, with a beautiful characteristic appearance and shape that contribute to its ornamental value, as a garden plant.
Verbena flowers have different colors like white, red, yellow, purple-blue, pink, etc and they are very impressive. Flowering on the verbena takes a long time to reach all 6 months (spring, summer and early autumn). Creamy verbena has an even longer flowering period and their flowers are often more compact and more on the plant.
Sunny areas of the garden are preferred for planting the verbena and obtaining richer flowering. Plants are placed in the flower bed at distances of 30-40 cm.
The soil to be planted should be fertile, rich in organic matter and of medium composition so that it does not retain too much water and drain well.
The use of fertilizer to enhance the power of the plant as well as its flowering is important. Flowering fertilizer with a higher potassium content can be used while enriching the soil with the organic matter by adding compost or manure helps greatly in the growth of the plant.
Verbena needs watering especially in summer with frequent watering and a moderate amount per watering.
The vertebrae should peak (ie pruning the upper part of the plant at about 2 cm) when it has poor growth (often occurs when it grows as perennials). Still, dried and aged flowers should be removed so as not to adversely affect the new flowering.
Verbena propagates quite easily with seed and cuttings. If you start from seed your plants are best to top up (about when the plant reaches 8-10 cm in height) to get richer growth. Although the branched varieties are more easily propagated by cuttings, generally all varieties of verbena can be propagated by cuttings.
Use in the garden
Verbena is usually planted in flower gardens in the first row, giving color and a sense of compact but autonomous growth. They can also be planted in grassy areas or alone in flowerbeds, small flower beds, or plant containers. Creamy verbena is planted exclusively in plastic or clay containers, creating beautiful images on site. In addition, the verbena can be combined with other annual or perennial ornamental plants in potted plants.
In addition, the varnish can also be used to cover small areas that do not need to be pressed, require color and relatively low maintenance requirements. In the case of the use of Verbena for soil cover, soil enrichment with organic matter (compost or manure) is important to achieve compact growth and lack of soil voids.