Home vegetable gardens – the necessary steps to create them perfectly
A home vegetable garden is one of the most fun solutions that exist for our garden. According to the dimensions and structures, it can be complex or not. However, in general, it is a simple task. So that it does not become a headache when making a garden at home, you have to start by defining what you want to do. Set the steps very well and start with all the assembly. In addition to the change that the landscape experiences, it will be a source of healthy food. The dimensions are not a problem and absolute.
Growing vegetables on the balcony or terrace
Excellent results are achieved with a small patio. Here again, the vertical variants and gardens have become very popular. According to some data in a square meter, up to twenty kilograms of food can be harvested each year. This shows that for a home garden small spaces are equally useful. The very fact of maintaining it is a healthy way to spend a few hours outdoors. The plants to be cultivated, the materials and other details are some of the issues that we will see in today’s post.
Home garden starting the project
The selection of the space is the first step and precise detail for the success of our garden. A place that receives direct light is good. Although in practice you can create the garden anywhere. Terraces, balconies or a small corner of the patio are enough to develop several vegetables. What we do have to guarantee is that the space has good lighting.
As we know, it is precisely sunlight that allows the proper development of plants. In combination with other factors such as irrigation. A patio area that has several hours of direct sunlight will be fantastic. You have to observe the patio very well because in each house it is different. Other elements such as large trees or buildings can create shadow areas.
If this is not possible, we will have to adapt our garden at home to the space available. According to the seasons, we will have a big difference in terms of the availability of light. This directly influences the type of crop. During winter, unlike spring and summer, it is common to receive less light.
However, in those spaces that maintain a good incidence of sunlight, they can be used for seasonal crops. All the choices of vegetables will be dependent on these conditions. There are crops such as eggplants that require a lot of this resource. The same happens with others of great popularity such as peppers or tomatoes. On the other hand, for an orchard at home in an area of the low incidence of sun, strawberries onions or lettuces are recommended.
The right plant’s combinations for the vegetable garden
Home garden the importance of the substrate
For those who have the privilege of having a patio in their home, assigning an area to this project is simple. Delimiting it and starting to prepare the land with fertilizers will help improve existing conditions. Organic fertilizers are the best way to contribute to increased fertility. If otherwise we have very deteriorated soil or it is an apartment there are various containers for planting.
In this culture, containers are where the substrate should be prepared. Finding the right planting container is a simple task. The selection should be based primarily on the type of container that allows the use of more substrate. Of course, the space you have to devote to the garden at home should also be taken into account. The variety of containers is very diverse in terms of materials and sizes.
The main variants to consider when buying them is the type of crop and space as we have mentioned. Within this group, the cultivation tables have a privileged place. Their diversity in terms of dimensions makes them very versatile. In height or width, we will always find the right one for the available space. On the other hand, the position for cultivation is very comfortable.
Not everyone can be crouched or reclined for a long time. As we see in many of the examples in the images, planters are another good idea. Especially wood is perfectly combined in traditional courtyards. Its effect adapts to the aesthetics of the landscape with great fluidity. The properties of this material do not allow the substrate to be affected in conditions of extreme heat or the cold of winter. For balcony balconies and any small space, textile containers are very easy to adapt. On a wall or even using a pallet as support or any other structure.
Selected the ideal substrate for our home garden
There is no doubt that the best choice in these cases is that of the organic substrate. The best is the lightest since they can be handled easily. For the terraces, it is very positive since it is avoided to overload them excessively. If it is a small garden on the balcony, it will also be positive. Porosity is another important thing that depends on the circulation of air.
A vital factor for the development of plants. Water retention is another weighting factor because it is the reserve that the plant will have. Being in the substrate will always be available to the plant. A quality substrate must also maintain absolute nutrient retention. Many organic substrates that have been composted are a source of fertilizer and nutrients for vegetables. An interesting solution is coconut fiber as a substrate.
Especially for its lightness and ability to retain water. However, keep in mind that it does not provide many nutrients, unlike others. The best solution is based on combinations. If we take for example one that is capable of providing the conditions of the structure and another that has the effect of payment. They would be covering all the needs of the plant with all the organic matter.
Intercropping, what vegetables we grow together in the garden
If we take as an example the above, it could be using a mixture of sixty percent coconut fiber and forty of some effective compost. Once it has been completed in our garden with and cultivation cycle it is good to remove the substrate. It is normal that with the passage of time some soil compaction is generated.
This measure works in the same way so that the porosity product is not affected. Nor will we have problems with cracking. Another compost mixture will be necessary for nutrients to be replenished. Irrigation product is normal to be lost and the soil quality decreases. Precisely this is the next stage in the planning of every home garden, the irrigation system.
Possibilities in irrigation systems for orchards
Irrigation requires more attention if containers are used. These have a greater tendency to water loss. Which obviously makes them run out more easily. Unlike the soil that is able to accumulate more water. It is also not healthy to overdo it in terms of the irrigation that vegetables require.
If it is done too much, nutrients are lost and the affectation of the plant can reach cases of fungi. The healthiest thing is to maintain a constant humidity that will be adjusted according to the season and the type of crop. This is one of the tasks that will ensure a resounding success in each harvest. Manual watering is advisable when it comes to small gardens.
Watering cans if you have containers is all we need. Water the vegetables gradually so that no cracks form in the substrate. When it is a larger and sunny garden, an irrigation system will be necessary. One drip and programmer is very positive and has great advantages. One of them is that the flow of water used for irrigation and frequency is controlled.
On the other hand, this resource is not wasted and the substrate receives the water it needs. For a medium-sized garden in our yard with purchasing a kit will be enough. The irrigation author is another system that maintains the substrate with the necessary humidity. A deposit is responsible for doing so and is located at the bottom. If it is about growing vegetables that do not require continuous irrigation, it allows very good results.
For the irrigation to be effective, the effect of the substrate is fundamental in conjunction with its quality. Under these conditions, water is best distributed horizontally. With an inadequate substrate structure, the water will be filtered and lost in the lower part of the substrate just before it is absorbed. With all the above ready it is time to select the plants of our preference.
To develop them there are two options, seedlings or seeds. In the beginning, if we do not have much experience in crops, the best will be the seedlings. They are offered in many places because of the boom that organic crops have had in homes. As an option, we will make our garden tasks easier. Especially since we skip some of the stages of the plants.
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