Poor compatibility plants: which vegetables, trees and shrubs should not be planted nearby
There are enemy plants that cannot be near. Whιch are they?
For a very long time in horticulture there has been such a thing as plant compatibility, on which the yield and its quality largely depend. This applies not only to vegetables, but also to flowers, and fruit trees and shrubs. If several vegetables or berry bushes grow in the same garden at once, you need to understand that plants can protect each other, protecting them from pests, or, on the contrary, they can carry diseases and suppress growth.
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There are two basic rules that summer residents should follow when planning planting:
- Plants from the same family cannot be planted together, because they have similar diseases and pests. It is necessary that plants suppress, and not spread diseases of neighboring crops, scare away harmful insects and attract useful ones.
- Plants growing side by side should have different vegetative characteristics and ripening periods. That is, when one crop begins to ripen and bear fruit, the other should not fight it for a place in the sun.
When plants have a depressing effect on neighboring crops, development and growth are inhibited, yields deteriorate, and sometimes even weaker plants die. Incompatible species cannot be planted together, especially if one rival is superior to the other in terms of depressing substances.
What plants should not be planted nearby?
Gooseberries and currants versus raspberries
In principle, you can plant currants with gooseberries nearby, this even increases the yield of shrubs. But both plants are susceptible to fire flames, so planting a gooseberry bush near black currant plantings is not recommended.
Raspberries vs. Strawberries and Sorrel
Raspberry is a rather aggressive plant that itself inhibits the growth of many others. But the aggressor for raspberries is sorrel with its high acidity. If you plant it around the perimeter of the raspberry tree, it will stop the growth and spread of young raspberry shoots.
Also, raspberries should not be planted next to strawberries or strawberries, because they have common pests, such as the weevil, and the root system is located at the same level and competes for access to nutrients.
Red and black currants versus cherries and sweet cherries
These two plants do not like each other, currants do not grow, and cherries do not bear fruit.
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Apple tree versus rowan and lilac
It turns out that these trees also cannot be planted nearby. Due to the proximity to mountain ash, the apple harvest will be wormy. Lilac also attracts various pests and diseases, which later migrate to the apple tree. The apple tree really does not like the proximity of cherries and cherries. Cherry roots literally displace the roots of the apple tree from the surface layer of the soil into the lower layers, from which the apple tree stops growing.
Onions, garlic versus peas with beans
The proximity of onions to sage is also considered unfavorable. The classic combination is onions and carrots. These two crops protect each other from pests: carrots ward off onion flies, and onions ward off carrot flies.
Fennel versus most vegetables
Perhaps the most quarrelsome vegetable among. The scent of fennel is not tolerated by many plants, so it is generally not worth growing it in common beds.
Dill versus carrots
Dill can be attacked by carrot flies. Pests will fly from the carrot garden, and then all your greens can get sick.
Potatoes versus pumpkin and cucumbers
Pumpkin versus cucumbers and zucchini
Pumpkin is not very demanding of neighbors, but demanding of its predecessors. The best crops for her are potatoes, onions, cabbage, root crops and legumes. Pumpkin should not be planted after cucumbers, zucchini or squash (they are plants from the same family) in order to avoid damage to common diseases and pests. Sometimes pumpkin is grown together with potatoes as a compactor, placing it along the edges of potato plantings or scattered around the entire plot.