Muscari, an amazing plant for colorful flower beds
Muscari is a perennial ornamental bulbous plant, grown in gardens as an annual. Its origin is from the areas of the eastern Mediterranean. More than 50 species of bulbous plants are classified in the genus Muscari. It belongs to the family Asparagaceae, which includes other well-known plants such as aspidistra, cordylin, agave, hosta and others.
The etymology of the name of the plant is from the Greek word musk which means musk, aroma, because some species are aromatic. It is a low plant and is often used as a ground cover. The most common species is Muscari armeniacum, from which many varieties have come.
The best presentation of muscari is when they grow in group plantations, in rock gardens or in wild gardens, and when they grow in full sun and with moist and well-drained soil.
Muscari have been cultivated for centuries. Although endemic to mediteranian countries and the Middle East, they have been cultivated in England since 1576, while they have been cultivated since Greek and Roman times. An Anglo-Saxon translation by Dioscorides presents a different and forgotten myth of their origin, where the first muscari had sprung from the blood of the dragon on top of a wooded mountain.
The muscari, like the wild hyacinth, has a poisonous bulb. The small dark blue flowers, which almost look like small berries and have a sweet smell. Some of the best muscari have a light blue color, it is straight, narrower and without stamens and puffiness. Because the flowers of the various species of Muscari secrete a lot of nectar, they are among the plants useful for bees in the spring. Muscari is sometimes called Starch Hyacinth because its flowers smell like liquid starch.
Mouscari has been used medicinally for its tonic properties and as a diuretic. However, British experts advise not to eat or use any part of this plant.
Cultivation care for muscari
It is a plant that can be planted in all substrates, but it prefers well-drained soils that are rich in organic matter. It should be placed in sunny or semi-shady flower beds but not in bright sunny places because it has difficulties. In addition, shady spots should be avoided because, as with other plants, the leaves and shoots grow more and the flowers less.
When planted in groups in flower beds, planting distances between plants should not exceed 10 cm. It is a plant resistant to low temperatures and winter winds. Summer at very high temperatures can cause problems.
Watering should be repeated at regular intervals, without excessive amounts of water. Liquid water-soluble fertilizer can be used once a month, although it is not absolutely necessary, while it is good to remove weeds. Every 5 years or so the old plants are usually removed and the bulbs are separated, where they are replanted in new places in early autumn.
How muscari multiplies
Propagated by seed or bulbs. New plants often emerge from a seed that has fallen to the ground since last spring. But these seedlings will bloom 4 years later. For this reason the muscari is propagated mainly with its bulbs planted at a depth of up to 8 cm, in early autumn. In addition, it can be propagated by cuttings created by the plant itself.
Enemies and diseases that affect muscari
Muscari is a very hardy plant. It is hardly affected by insects or fungi. Greater attention should be paid to the conditions under which it is grown and the location of the flower bed. Flower beds with intense sun exposure or very shady should be avoided.
Mouscari – planting in the garden
It is planted in groups in flower beds, creating impressive landscapes. Enters the front row of flower beds, in front of other spring herbaceous annuals or perennials
It is planted along corridors or in various places on the lawn
Creates beautiful corners at the base of large trees
Can be placed in pots a little together, to decorate the terrace and balcony
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