Hosta a perennial favorite among gardeners plant ideal for low maintenance gardens
Hosta is a plant that goes into shady, relatively moist parts of the garden and must be protected from the very heat of summer.
There are many species and many varieties of more than 2,500 that differ from each other in the size, color, and texture of the leaves. Botanically it belongs to the genus Hosta in the family Asparagaceae. The origin of plant is from the regions of East Asia from China and Japan.
Hosta is a perennial plant with impressive foliage.
Height: Plant growth: the height of the plant varies from 20 to 50 cm depending on the variety. There are also taller varieties but they are not commonly grown. Grows in clumps.
Leaves: very wide variety in the size, color, shape, and texture of the leaf which is also the main decorative feature of the plant. So there are single-colored or multi-colored leaves with shades of white, green, blue, or yellow. It is an evergreen plant and keeps its leaves all year round.
Flowers: the plant blooms during the summer months when white flowers grow and there are also varieties with blue shades.
Suitable growth conditions
Growth rate: It has a moderate to the normal growth rate.
Light: Prefers semi-shady and shady places. Bright spots and those in direct sunlight should be avoided.
Temperature: Very high temperatures negatively affect the plant. In general, it withstands low winter temperatures.
Soil: it is good to plant in soils rich in organic matter, deep and fertile
Moisture: it needs enough soil moisture.
Care that the hosta needs
Watering: it needs frequent watering, especially during the summer months. The plant should not be left untouched because then it weakens and can even be damaged.
Fertilizer: it does not require much fertilizer for this reason we follow normal fertilization as with most plants in the garden using a general-purpose fertilizer during the spring months we stop in July and August and fertilize again in September and October.
Enemies and diseases: It is often attacked by snails that eat the leaves and create significant problems. Mealybugs and aphids attack the plant less frequently in the spring months.
When to plant hosta: The plant is transplanted to its final position in early spring or mid-autumn.
In which parts of the garden is it planted: We choose shady parts of the garden or on terraces where the sun does not hit so strongly. We need humidity and average temperatures. Heat can damage the hosta.
Planting in a pot: What is needed is to ensure good drainage of the pot. Make sure the container has drainage holes at the bottom.
Hosta does not need pruning except removal of dry leaves and flowers in summer.
Ornamental value: the ornamental value of the plant is based on its impressive foliage and the great variations displayed by the varieties of the plant.
The plant must be planted in shady places where soil moisture is retained, as due to the heat and drought we have in our country in the summer, the hosta will not be able to survive in sunny and hot places. It can be planted under large trees.
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