Chamomile, learn how to grow it in a pot or in your garden
Chamomile, the beautiful plant with its characteristic aroma and unique beneficial properties. Chamomile is a favorite herb that we find as native plants in the countryside and we often pick it up to enjoy it as a relaxing tea. All of us admirers of chamomile, we can grow it in the garden, as well as in pots in our yard or on our balcony, to make wonderful drinks in our home.
Chamomile is a low-growing herbaceous plant that needs minimal care and is extremely easy to grow. In addition to the beneficial properties it has at our disposal and in our health, chamomile has a special decorative value due to the impressive numerous small flowers with white petals and a characteristic yellow color in the center of the flower that resemble small daisies. There are 2 main varieties of chamomile, the German or wild chamomile, an annual or biennial plant that has higher growth and the Roman or day chamomile of the garden that has lower growth and is perennial. Let’s see what care chamomile needs to be grown in the garden and in a pot on our balcony and to enjoy beautiful flowers and healthy drinks in our home.
What conditions does chamomile need to grow?
Chamomile can be planted and thrive in both semi-arid and sunny places, giving us rich flowering. To plant chamomile in a pot on the balcony, we choose places with south, west or east exposure. Chamomile is planted in the spring with seed or ready-made plants and is harvested from late spring to mid-summer. Although chamomile does not have special soil requirements, it thrives best in light soils that have good drainage to remove excess water. For chamomile that we plant on our balcony or yard, we use relatively shallow pots or planters, 10-20 cm deep, as chamomile has a superficial root system and we fill them with general-purpose topsoil or special topsoil for aromatic plants and herbs.
How often does chamomile need watering and fertilizing?
Chamomile needs minimal care and has very low requirements for both watering and fertilizing. If we have planted chamomile in our garden, after the initial installation of the plant that needs a good watering, then we water only after a period of prolonged drought and heat. For chamomile plants that we have in a pot, we water every 2 weeks from mid-spring to late summer and once a month during the autumn period. Chamomile fertilizer should be limited to have a satisfactory flowering and high essential oil content. In the spring, we add organic fertilizer with high phosphorus and potassium content and low nitrogen content to avoid degrading the quality of the chamomile we collect.