Fast-growing aromatic and medicinal herbs
There are many who currently maintain a healthy lifestyle that includes the consumption of natural and organic products. For this, there are those who choose to grow plants and all kinds of aromatic herbs in their own home. Today we want to talk to you about several types of very popular aromatic herbs that you can grow at home, do you dare?
Selection of medicinal and aromatic herbs that you can grow at home
Let’s start with a plant well known for its culinary uses: basil. With dozens of types to choose from, basil satisfies almost any palate.
It is well known for being the main ingredient in pesto sauce, but some varieties of basil impart anise, lemon, mint, cinnamon or clove flavors to food.
Aromatic herbs: basil
Selections that have purple foliage or attractive flowers are especially ornamental. You can grow basil in full sun, just plant some plants in the flower beds or in container gardens.
The leaves of the plant called lemon balm have a strong lemon smell and a flavor that resembles that of mint. It is a perennial plant for Zone 4.
Remove the flowers from the lemon balm to prevent it from automatically reproducing and becoming weeds. It grows in full sun and partial shade and is an ideal plant for pots.
Lemon balm tea treats gastrointestinal ailments, flatulence, and indigestion, making it an appropriate option for those who suffer from a sensitive digestive system.
Spicy garlic cloves have been used for a long time to flavor foods and also in medicines. They have even been grown together with roses to repel aphids.
Garlic grows in full sun or partial shade. Plant garlic cloves in late summer, and mulch during winter to harvest the following summer.
The main spice we can find in pizza and spaghetti – oregano – brings good looks to the gardens too. The varieties vary in taste, with Greek oregano being one of the most intense.
The oregano has white or mauve flowers in late summer. It grows in well-drained soil in full sun. It also adapts well to potting gardens.
Some specialists recommend it as a treatment against spasmodic cough, and it is also advised to use it as an infusion to relieve the pain caused by menstruation.
With bright green stems and ferns, coriander is held in beds or pots, forming groups of robust and tasty plants. Grow your own coriander and you will be one step closer to homemade guacamole with chips.
Peppermint, peppermint and chocolate mint are just some of the varieties of the mint plant available. All types of mint are fast spreaders, being suitable as ground coverings in confined areas, such as a parking strip or an area bounded by a foundation and a sidewalk.
You can also grow it in a container to prevent it from growing too much. Mint prefers partial shade but tolerates full sun.
Fresh mint is a great natural flavoring. Its most popular use is in infusions with a lot of honey or sugar.
As an ornament on the dishes, air freshener and spice for cooking, parsley is available in wavy shapes and is flat-leafed. The flat-leaf type is preferred for cooking, while the curly version makes a pretty decorative garnish.
The plant is a favorite of the swallowtail butterfly, being enough to feed its entire family, along with the eel-tail caterpillars that feed on the leaves. Grow the parsley in full sun or partial shade.
Parsley is diuretic, so it is recommended for rheumatism, kidney stones, and urinary retention treatments. It also helps control menstrual abnormalities.
The rosemary plant is resistant to Zone 7. Grow it vertically as a pattern similar to a tree or large shrub, or select a dragged shape to grow on a wall or as a ground cover. Rosemary grows well in containers and can be carried indoors during winter in cold climates.
Rosemary is good healing for the skin, thanks to its antiseptic qualities. It is also used against appetite disorders and is a slightly diuretic herb.
Highly recommended for vascular spasms, hypotension and peripheral circulatory insufficiency thanks to its camphor content and its invigorating qualities at the cardiac and nervous levels.
The spicy taste of dill is synonymous with spicy pickles. Use the seeds, flowers, and foliage to season foods.
Medicinal and aromatic herbs: dill
As a curiosity, we will mention that dill has been traditionally used in Europe for therapeutic purposes against colic, for digestive aid and also to promote breastfeeding.
Dill grows in full sun. If you allow some seeds to mature in the plant, they will sow and new plants will appear in the garden next year.
Being close relatives of the bright colored geranium, scented geraniums are grown primarily for its textured and aromatic foliage. The fragrances range from fruity to spicy, and even to chocolate.
The most used in the kitchen have a rose or lemon perfume. You can grow scented geraniums in full sun or partial shade. They are also great houseplants when they grow in containers.
English lavender is the most widely cultivated form of this delicious shrubby herb. It is perennial for Zone 5, where it grows in full sun on well-drained soil. Other types of lavender are hardy in zones 6-9, but they can grow as annuals in colder regions.
Enjoy the purple, pink or white flowers of fresh or dried lavender. Grow them in the flower garden, in a garden of herbal knots or in containers.
Chive flowers fit on any perennial border. If you grow them with your flowers or herbs, you can harvest chive blooms or tubular stems to add a delicate onion flavor to the dishes.
Chives grow best in sunny and well-drained places and also thrive in container gardens.
The fine-textured foliage of fennel resembles dill leaves. This easy-to-grow plant comes in green or bronze varieties and provides a smooth version of the flavor of anise in the kitchen.
Use fennel texture to soften the sections of your perennial border. It looks particularly beautiful among ornamental herbs.
The greenish-gray textured leaves of the Sage plant are perfect for adding a rich flavor to food. Tubular blue flowers are also edible.
More than 900 varieties of sage are available, and many have variegated foliage that looks attractive at flower borders or container combinations. You can grow sage in full sun with well-drained soil.
The pepper flavor combines well with legumes, meats, and eggs. The tasty winter plant, in the photo above, is a semi-evergreen green for Zone 4 that brings lavender blooms white in summer.
It has a slightly stronger taste than tasty summer, which is annual. Grow your tasty in full sun in an orchard or mixed border. It also grows well in containers.
To maintain a laurel plant, do not water too much and let the soil dry between waterings. Fresh bay leaves are stronger than dried ones. Use this tasty herb in soups and stews.
Ground thyme is an ingredient in hundreds of culinary and medicinal staple foods. In the landscapes, it makes a wonderful decoration, substitute for the lawn, ideal for bordering or as a filling between the cracks in the cobblestones.
His habit of dragging also works well as spilling over the edge of container gardens. The common thyme grows about 1 foot tall and has pink and lavender flowers in summer. Grow thyme in full sun.
Thyme is used in treatments against slow digestive processes, abdominal cramps, flatulence, and more digestive disorders.
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