Solanum tree, a tree growing tomatoes, peppers and aubergines
Do they grow tomatoes, eggplants and peppers on a tree? We all know tree grafting, the technique by which we inoculate different varieties of fruit trees in a mother plant. What is not particularly known is that in a similar way we can create a tree in which our favorite vegetables grow together. To achieve this, we use the solanoid tree, a plant belonging to the solanoid family, the large family that also includes tomato, pepper, eggplant and potato.
What types of Solanum are there?
There are several types of solanaceous species, namely solanaceous species that can be vaccinated. The most popular species is Solanum capsicoides, native to South America and cultivated as an evergreen shrub or small tree. Another species of Solanum is Solanum torvum, also known as wild aubergine, it is evergreen shrub with thorns that reaches 1-2 meters high and is widely used in tropical climates. Also, Solanum chrysotrichum is a small tree native to Central America that reaches 4 meters in height. Salmon trees are also grown in our country and can be planted in both the garden and in the flowerpot to enjoy individual tomatoes, peppers and aubergines with the benefits of a tree.
What are the Benefits of Solanum Tree Vaccination?
Vaccination of tomato, pepper and aubergine plants in solanaceae offers significant facilities and unique opportunities compared to the conventional way of growing vegetables. The main advantages of the Solan-tree are:
– It is a perennial plant that survives in winter.
– It has a much stronger root, which is resistant to fungal diseases such as fusarium
– It has strong shoots that can support greater fruiting
– Enables us to have tomato, eggplant and pepper fruits in the same tree
– We get faster entry of fruit plants than if we planted tomatoes, peppers and eggplants directly on the ground.
How to Inoculate Tomato, Pepper and Eggplant in Solanum Tree?
Prepare the tomato, pepper and eggplant vaccine, cutting shoots about 10 cm long and 0.5-1 cm in diameter. Then, using a suitable vaccination tool, the V-shaped tip of the vaccine is approximately 3 cm in length. We prune the solan tree to the appropriate height to act as a subject to receive the vaccines in the central shoot or in the side shoots we have selected. We create a corresponding V-shaped aperture about 3 cm long in the center of the shoot of the salmon tree and then the tomato, pepper or aubergine vaccine enters the solanaceous recess internally, applying good contact so that the attachment can be successfully made. . Finally, we tightly attach the vaccine to the subject using a vaccination tape so that it does not move as well as that it will not cause any moisture loss.
Under what conditions does the Solanum tree thrive?
The solanum tree thrives in areas characterized by mild weather conditions. It is sensitive to freezing and low winter temperatures, as well as to strong north winds. For planting the Solan-tree we prefer light soils rich in organic matter with good drainage. The tulip tree can be planted even in a flower pot, although it has less growth, provided that it provides sunny sheltered places on a balcony with a south or west exposure.
Whenever do the solanos need watering and fertilizing?
The solanum tree has moderate watering needs for good growth and flowering. During the spring and autumn we water twice a week, while in the hot summer season every 2 days. To improve the soil prior to planting the solanum, we incorporate compost, manure to strengthen the soil with nutrients. During the growing season, we add organic potassium-rich fertilizer every month from early spring until late autumn.
How pruned and how the proliferation Solanum tree
The solanum needs pruning every year in early spring, once the winter frosts are over. When pruning, we remove dry and weak shoots in order to form it in a cup shape. Pruning additionally aids in better ventilation and greater sun exposure on the leaf surface of the solanum to form larger and more delicious fruits. Regarding the propagation of the Solanum tree, we can create new seed plants, as well as the method of propagation by cuttings. Specifically, we take cuttings of 10-15 cm long shoots from the top solanaceous vegetation in the spring and plant them in nursery pots using a light potting soil to fill. It is worth noting that rooting hormone does not require root propagation.
And a secret about the Solanum tree
Solanum is much more resistant to disease and insect infestations than traditional pepper, tomato, and eggplant. He suffers less from fungal diseases of the root, from mildew and mildew, as well as from entomological infections of the mullet and chickpea.