Guava, the most fragrant exotic fruit in your garden
Exotic tropical fruit with a unique intense aroma. Guava is probably the most fragrant fruit in the world. When we cut it from the tree, it smells of musk, giving its wonderful aroma to the house. Originally from Central America and Mexico, the guava belongs to the subtropical plants, a small evergreen tree that forms characteristic pear-shaped aromatic fruits in yellow or pink or red.
Guava fruit is considered to be of high nutritional value, rich and extremely balanced in vitamins, while it contains five times the amount of vitamin C compared to orange. It also contains fats, fiber, potassium, magnesium and contains many antioxidants. Guava has a special sweet and sour taste, very pleasant, while it is also suitable for diets as it has very few calories. There are many varieties of guava with different flavors that occasionally resemble the taste of strawberry, apple or pineapple.
1. Under what conditions does guava cultivation thrive?
Guava has no special soil requirements and can thrive on both sandy and heavy clay soils. It is drought resistant and can be planted even in coastal areas, as it is also resistant to salinity. It is sensitive to low temperatures, to strong north winds that can cause significant damage to its foliage. In general, guava needs a warm climate to be able to grow and bear fruit.
Guava planting distances are about 6 meters between seedlings and 6-7 meters between planting lines. Guava can be planted in pots (diameter about 50 cm at least and will give fruit although it will have less growth about 2-3 meters high instead of 4-5 meters when planted in the ground.
2. What are the watering and fertilizing needs of guava cultivation?
Guava does not have high water requirements to give us production. However, regular watering during the hot summer period will enhance its production and fruiting both in quality and quantity. It is necessary to add a complete organic fertilizer fortified with trace elements of iron, magnesium, zinc and boron in the beginning of spring and in the beginning of summer. For better absorption of nutrients, we use foliar fertilizers sprayed on the guava foliage.
3. How is guava pruned and how is it propagated?
The young guava seedlings are cup-shaped to have good growth and fruiting. During the annual fruiting pruning that takes place in the spring after the winter frosts have passed, we maintain the shape of the tree, remove dry, diseased and weak shoots as well as branches, trying to achieve good ventilation and lighting inside the tree. Guava can be propagated by seed, although no identical plants emerge with the seed variety. Propagation is usually by cuttings or by inoculation of the desired varieties of guava into underlying seedlings (seed-derived plants).
4. And a secret about guava
The guava harvest begins in early summer and usually lasts for 2 months. Gradually harvest the guava fruits when they ripen and the bark becomes yellow on the outside, while the inside of the fruit begins to soften. We pick the guava fruits by hand in order not to injure them.